Treatise on Geochemistry
(270 hoofdstukken)

TrG 01.     Meteorites and Cosmochemical Processes
TrG 01.01 Classification of Meteorites and Their Genetic Relationships
TrG 01.02 Chondrites and Their Components
TrG 01.03 Calcium–Aluminum-Rich Inclusions in Chondritic Meteorites
TrG 01.04 Presolar Grains
TrG 01.05 Structural and Isotopic Analysis of Organic Matter in Carbonaceous Chondrites
TrG 01.06 Achondrites
TrG 01.07 Iron and Stony-Iron Meteorites
TrG 01.08 Early Solar Nebula Grains – Interplanetary Dust Particles
TrG 01.09 Nebular Versus Parent Body Processing
TrG 01.10 Condensation and Evaporation of Solar System Materials
TrG 01.11 Short-Lived Radionuclides and Early Solar System Chronology
TrG 01.12 Solar System Time Scales from Long-Lived Radioisotopes in Meteorites and Planetary Materials
TrG 01.13 Cosmic-Ray Exposure Ages of Meteorites

TrG 02.     Planets, Asteriods, Comets and The Solar System
TrG 02.01 Origin of the Elements
TrG 02.02 Solar System Abundances of the Elements
TrG 02.03 The Solar Nebula
TrG 02.04 Planet Formation
TrG 02.05 The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts
TrG 02.06 Mercury
TrG 02.07 Venus
TrG 02.08 The Origin and Earliest History of the Earth
TrG 02.09 The Moon
TrG 02.10 Mars
TrG 02.11 Giant Planets
TrG 02.12 Major Satellites of the Giant Planets
TrG 02.13 Comets
TrG 02.14 Asteroids

TrG 03.     The Mantle and Core
TrG 03.01 Cosmochemical Estimates of Mantle Composition
TrG 03.02 Geophysical Constraints on Mantle Composition
TrG 03.03 Sampling Mantle Heterogeneity through Oceanic Basalts Isotopes and Trace Elements
TrG 03.04 Orogenic, Ophiolitic, and Abyssal Peridotites
TrG 03.05 Mantle Samples Included in Volcanic Rocks. Xenoliths and Diamonds
TrG 03.06 The Formation and Evolution of Cratonic Mantle Lithosphere – Evidence from Mantle Xenoliths
TrG 03.07 Noble Gases as Mantle Tracers
TrG 03.08 Noble Gases as Tracers of Mantle Processes
TrG 03.09 Volatiles in Earth’s Mantle
TrG 03.10 Melt Extraction and Compositional Variability in Mantle Lithosphere
TrG 03.11 Trace Element Partitioning. The Influences of Ionic Radius, Cation Charge, Pressure, and Temperature
TrG 03.12 Partition Coefficients at High Pressure and Temperature
TrG 03.13 The Subduction-Zone Filter and the Impact of Recycled Materials on the Evolution of the Mantle
TrG 03.14 Convective Mixing in the Earth’s Mantle
TrG 03.15 Experimental Constraints on Core Composition
TrG 03.16 Compositional Model for the Earth’s Core

TrG 04.     The Crust
TrG 04.01 Composition of the Continental Crust
TrG 04.02 Constraints on Crustal Heat Production from Heat Flow Data
TrG 04.03 Continental Basaltic Rocks
TrG 04.04 Volcanic Degassing Process and Impact
TrG 04.05 Timescales of Magma Transfer and Storage in the Crust
TrG 04.06 Fluid Flow in the Deep Crust
TrG 04.07 Geochemical Zoning in Metamorphic Minerals
TrG 04.08 Thermochronology in Orogenic Systems
TrG 04.09 Subduction of Continental Crust to Mantle Depth. Geochemistry of Ultrahigh-Pressure Rocks
TrG 04.10 U–Th–Pb Geochronology
TrG 04.11 Growth and Differentiation of the Continental Crust from Isotope Studies of Accessory Minerals
TrG 04.12 Physics and Chemistry of Deep Continental Crust Recycling
TrG 04.13 Composition of the Oceanic Crust
TrG 04.14 The Lower Oceanic Crust
TrG 04.15 Melt Migration in Oceanic Crustal Production. A U-Series Perspective
TrG 04.16 Chemical Fluxes from Hydrothermal Alteration of the Oceanic Crust
TrG 04.17 The Chemical Composition of Subducting Sediments
TrG 04.18 Oceanic Plateaus
TrG 04.19 Devolatilization During Subduction
TrG 04.20 Chemical and Isotopic Cycling in Subduction Zones
TrG 04.21 Geochemistry of Subduction-Related Magmatic Arcs, with an Emphasis on Primitive Andesite and Lower Crust

TrG 05.     The Atmosphere
TrG 05.01 Ozone, Hydroxyl Radical, and Oxidative Capacity
TrG 05.02 Tropospheric Halogen Chemistry
TrG 05.03 Global Methane Biogeochemistry
TrG 05.04 Tropospheric Aerosols
TrG 05.05 Biomass Burning. The Cycling of Gases and Particulates from the Biosphere to the Atmosphere
TrG 05.06 Mass-Independent Isotopic Composition of Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Materials
TrG 05.07 The Stable Isotopic Composition of Atmospheric CO2
TrG 05.08 Water Stable Isotopes. Atmospheric Composition and Applications in Polar Ice Core Studies
TrG 05.09 Radiocarbon
TrG 05.10 Natural Radionuclides in the Atmosphere
TrG 05.11 Carbonaceous Particles. Source-Based Characterization of Their Formation, Composition, and Structures
TrG 05.12 Ocean-Derived Aerosol and Its Climate Impacts
TrG 05.13 Aerosol Hygroscopicity Particle Water Content and Its Role in Atmospheric Processes
TrG 05.14 The Stable Isotopic Composition of Atmospheric O2
TrG 05.15 Studies of Recent Changes in Atmospheric O2 Content
TrG 05.16 Fluorine-Containing Greenhouse Gases

TrG 06.     The Atmosphere - History
TrG 06.01 Geochemical and Planetary Dynamical Views on the Origin of Earth's Atmosphere and Oceans
TrG 06.02 Degassing History of Earth
TrG 06.03 Chemistry of Earth’s Earliest Atmosphere
TrG 06.04 Geologic and Geochemical Constraints on Earth’s Early Atmosphere
TrG 06.05 Paleobiological Clues to Early Atmospheric Evolution
TrG 06.06 Modeling the Archean Atmosphere and Climate
TrG 06.07 The Great Oxidation Event Transition
TrG 06.08 Proterozoic Atmospheric Oxygen
TrG 06.09 Neoproterozoic Atmospheres and Glaciation
TrG 06.10 Oxygen and Early Animal Evolution
TrG 06.11 Atmospheric CO2 and O2 During the Phanerozoic. Tools, Patterns, and Impacts
TrG 06.12 The Geochemistry of Mass Extinction
TrG 06.13 Greenhouse Climates
TrG 06.14 Atmospheric Composition and Biogeochemical Cycles over the Last Million Years
TrG 06.15 Relating Weathering Fronts for Acid Neutralization and Oxidation to pCO2 and pO2
TrG 06.16 The History of Planetary Degassing as Recorded by Noble Gases
TrG 06.17 The Origin of Noble Gases and Major Volatiles in the Terrestrial Planets

TrG 07.     Surface And Groundwater, Weathering and Soils
TrG 07.01 Soil Formation
TrG 07.02 Modeling Low-Temperature Geochemical Processes
TrG 07.03 Reaction Kinetics of Primary Rock-Forming Minerals under Ambient Conditions
TrG 07.04 Natural Weathering Rates of Silicate Minerals
TrG 07.05 Geochemical Weathering in Glacial and Proglacial Environments
TrG 07.06 Chemical Weathering Rates, CO2 Consumption, and Control Parameters Deduced from the Chemical Composition of Rivers
TrG 07.07 Trace Elements in River Waters
TrG 07.08 Dissolved Organic Matter in Freshwaters
TrG 07.09 Environmental Isotope Applications in Hydrologic Studies
TrG 07.10 Metal Stable Isotopes in Weathering and Hydrology
TrG 07.11 Groundwater Dating and Residence-Time Measurements
TrG 07.12 Cosmogenic Nuclides in Weathering and Erosion
TrG 07.13 Geochemistry of Saline Lakes
TrG 07.14 Deep Fluids in Sedimentary Basins
TrG 07.15 Deep Fluids in the Continents

TrG 08.     The Oceans and Marine Geochemistry
TrG 08.01 Physico-Chemical Controls on Seawater
TrG 08.02 Controls of Trace Metals in Seawater
TrG 08.03 Air–Sea Exchange of Marine Trace Gases
TrG 08.04 The Biological Pump
TrG 08.05 Marine Bioinorganic Chemistry: The Role of Trace Metals in the Oceanic Cycles of Major Nutrients
TrG 08.06 Organic Matter in the Contemporary Ocean
TrG 08.07 Hydrothermal Processes
TrG 08.08 Tracers of Ocean Mixing
TrG 08.09 Chemical Tracers of Particle Transport
TrG 08.10 Biological Fluxes in the Ocean and Atmospheric pCO2
TrG 08.11 Sedimentary Diagenesis, Depositional Environments, and Benthic Fluxes
TrG 08.12 Geochronometry of Marine Deposits
TrG 08.13 Geochemical Evidence for Quaternary Sea-Level Changes
TrG 08.14 Elemental and Isotopic Proxies of Past Ocean Temperatures
TrG 08.15 Alkenone Paleotemperature Determinations
TrG 08.16 Tracers of Past Ocean Circulation
TrG 08.17 Long-lived Isotopic Tracers in Oceanography, Paleoceanography, and Ice-sheet Dynamics
TrG 08.18 The Biological Pump in the Past
TrG 08.19 The Oceanic CaCO3 Cycle
TrG 08.20 Records of Cenozoic Ocean Chemistry
TrG 08.21 The Geologic History of Seawater

TrG 09.     Sediments, Diagenesis and Sedimentary Rocks
TrG 09.01 Chemical Composition and Mineralogy of Marine Sediments
TrG 09.02 The Recycling of Biogenic Material at the Sea Floor
TrG 09.03 Formation and Diagenesis of Carbonate Sediments
TrG 09.04 The Diagenesis of Biogenic Silica: Chemical Transformations Occurring in the Water Column, Seabed, and Crust
TrG 09.05 Formation and Geochemistry of Precambrian Cherts
TrG 09.06 Geochemistry of Fine-Grained, Organic Carbon-Rich Facies
TrG 09.07 Late Diagenesis and Mass Transfer in Sandstone–Shale Sequences
TrG 09.08 Coal Formation and Geochemistry
TrG 09.09 Formation and Geochemistry of Oil and Gas
TrG 09.10 The Sedimentary Sulfur System: Biogeochemistry and Evolution through Geologic Time
TrG 09.11 Manganiferous Sediments, Rocks, and Ores
TrG 09.12 Green Clay Minerals
TrG 09.13 Chronometry of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks
TrG 09.14 The Geochemistry of Mass Extinction
TrG 09.15 Evolution of Sedimentary Rocks
TrG 09.16 Stable Isotopes in the Sedimentary Record
TrG 09.17 Geochemistry of Evaporites and Evolution of Seawater
TrG 09.18 Iron Formations. Their Origins and Implications for Ancient Seawater Chemistry
TrG 09.19 Bedded Barite Deposits: Environments of Deposition, Styles of Mineralization, and Tectonic Settings

TrG 10.     Biogeochemistry
TrG 10.01 The Early History of Life
TrG 10.02 Evolution of Metabolism
TrG 10.03 Sedimentary Hydrocarbons, Biomarkers for Early Life
TrG 10.04 Biomineralization
TrG 10.05 Biogeochemistry of Primary Production in the Sea
TrG 10.06 Biogeochemical Interactions Governing Terrestrial Net Primary Production
TrG 10.07 Biogeochemistry of Decomposition and Detrital Processing
TrG 10.08 Anaerobic Metabolism. Linkages to Trace Gases and Aerobic Processes
TrG 10.09 The Geologic History of the Carbon Cycle
TrG 10.10 The Contemporary Carbon Cycle
TrG 10.11 The Global Oxygen Cycle
TrG 10.12 The Global Nitrogen Cycle
TrG 10.13 The Global Phosphorus Cycle
TrG 10.14 The Global Sulfur Cycle
TrG 10.15 Plankton Respiration, Net Community Production and the Organic Carbon Cycle in the Oceanic Water Column
TrG 10.16 Respiration in Terrestrial Ecosystems

TrG 11.     Environmental Geochemistry
TrG 11.01 Groundwater and Air Contamination. Risk, Toxicity, Exposure Assessment, Policy, and Regulation
TrG 11.02 Arsenic and Selenium
TrG 11.03 Heavy Metals in the Environment – Historical Trends
TrG 11.04 Geochemistry of Mercury in the Environment
TrG 11.05 The Geochemistry of Acid Mine Drainage
TrG 11.06 Radioactivity, Geochemistry, and Health
TrG 11.07 The Environmental and Medical Geochemistry of Potentially Hazardous Materials Produced by Disasters
TrG 11.08 Eutrophication of Freshwater Systems
TrG 11.09 Salinization and Saline Environments
TrG 11.10 Acid Rain – Acidification and Recovery
TrG 11.11 Tropospheric Ozone and Photochemical Smog
TrG 11.12 Volatile Hydrocarbons and Fuel Oxygenates
TrG 11.13 High Molecular Weight Petrogenic and Pyrogenic Hydrocarbons in Aquatic Environments
TrG 11.14 Biogeochemistry of Halogenated Hydrocarbons
TrG 11.15 The Geochemistry of Pesticides
TrG 11.16 The Biogeochemistry of Contaminant Groundwater Plumes Arising from Waste Disposal Facilities

TrG 12.     Organic Geochemistry
TrG 12.01 Organic Geochemistry of Meteorites
TrG 12.02 Organic Geochemical Signatures of Early Life on Earth
TrG 12.03 The Analysis and Application of Biomarkers
TrG 12.04 Hydrogen Isotope Signatures in the Lipids of Phytoplankton
TrG 12.05 13C-12C Signatures in Plants and Algae
TrG 12.06 Dissolved Organic Matter in Aquatic Systems
TrG 12.07 Dynamics, Chemistry, and Preservation of Organic Matter in Soils
TrG 12.08 Weathering of Organic Carbon
TrG 12.09 Organic Carbon Cycling and the Lithosphere
TrG 12.10 Organic Nitrogen. Sources, Fates, and Chemistry
TrG 12.11 Lipidomics for Geochemistry
TrG 12.12 Mineral Matrices and Organic Matter
TrG 12.13 Biomarker-Based Inferences of Past Climate. The Alkenone pCO2 Proxy
TrG 12.14 Biomarker-Based Inferences of Past Climate. The TEX86 Paleotemperature Proxy
TrG 12.15 Biomarkers for Terrestrial Plants and Climate

TrG 13.     Geochemistry of Mineral Deposits
TrG 13.01 Fluids and Ore Formation in the Earth's Crust
TrG 13.02 The Chemistry of Metal Transport and Deposition by Ore-Forming Hydrothermal Fluids
TrG 13.03 Stable Isotope Geochemistry of Mineral Deposits
TrG 13.04 Dating and Tracing the History of Ore Formation
TrG 13.05 Fluid Inclusions in Hydrothermal Ore Deposits
TrG 13.06 Melt Inclusions
TrG 13.07 Metamorphosed Hydrothermal Ore Deposits
TrG 13.08 Geochemistry of Magmatic Ore Deposits
TrG 13.09 Sediment-Hosted Zinc–Lead Mineralization. Processes and Perspectives
TrG 13.10 Low-Temperature Sediment-Hosted Copper Deposits
TrG 13.11 Deep-Ocean Ferromanganese Crusts and Nodules
TrG 13.12 Geochemistry of a Marine Phosphate Deposit. A Signpost to Phosphogenesis
TrG 13.13 Sedimentary Hosted Iron Ores
TrG 13.14 Geochemistry of Porphyry Deposits
TrG 13.15 Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Gold Deposits
TrG 13.16 Silver Vein Deposits
TrG 13.17 Geochemistry of Placer Gold – A Case Study of the Witwatersrand Deposits
TrG 13.18 Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposits
TrG 13.19 Uranium Ore Deposits
TrG 13.20 Iron Oxide(–Cu–Au–REE–P–Ag–U–Co) Systems
TrG 13.21 Geochemistry of the Rare-Earth Element, Nb, Ta, Hf, and Zr Deposits
TrG 13.22 Geochemistry of Evaporite Ores in an Earth-Scale Climatic and Tectonic Framework
TrG 13.23 Gem Deposits
TrG 13.24 Exploration Geochemistry

TrG 14.     Archaeology and Anthropology
TrG 14.01 K-Ar and 40Ar-39Ar Isotopic Dating Techniques as Applied to Young Volcanic Rocks
TrG 14.02 Luminescence Dating Methods
TrG 14.03 Radiocarbon. Calibration to Absolute Time Scale
TrG 14.04 Radiocarbon: Archaeological Applications
TrG 14.05 The Molecular Clock
TrG 14.06 Correlation: Volcanic Ash, Obsidian
TrG 14.07 Cosmogenic Nuclide Burial Dating in Archaeology and Paleoanthropology
TrG 14.08 Marine Sediment Records of African Climate Change: Progress and Puzzles
TrG 14.09 History of Water in the Middle East and North Africa
TrG 14.10 The Carbon, Oxygen, and Clumped Isotopic Composition of Soil Carbonate in Archeology
TrG 14.11 Microanalytical Isotope Chemistry Applications for Archaeology
TrG 14.12 Stable Isotope Evidence for Hominin Environments in Africa
TrG 14.13 Geochemistry of Ancient Metallurgy. Examples from Africa and Elsewhere
TrG 14.14 Elemental and Isotopic Analysis of Ancient Ceramics and Glass
TrG 14.15 Synchrotron Methods Color in Paints and Minerals
TrG 14.16 Geochemical Methods of Establishing Provenance and Authenticity of Mediterranean Marbles
TrG 14.17 Biblical Events and Environments – Authentification of Controversial Archaeological Artifacts
TrG 14.18 Trace Evidence: Glass, Paint, Soil, and Bone
TrG 14.19 Stable Isotopes in Forensics Applications
TrG 14.20 Reconstructing Aquatic Resource Exploitation in Human Prehistory Using Lipid Biomarkers and Stable Isotopes
TrG 14.21 Investigating Ancient Diets Using Stable Isotopes in Bioapatites
TrG 14.22 Human Physiology in Relation to Isotopic Studies of Ancient and Modern Humans
TrG 14.23 Hair as a Geochemical Recorder

TrG 15.     Analytical Geochemistry / Inorganic Instrumental Analysis
TrG 15.01 Basic Considerations: Sampling, the Key for a Successful Applied Geochemical Survey for Mineral Exploration and Environmental Purposes
TrG 15.02 Error Propagation
TrG 15.03 Reference Materials in Geochemical and Environmental Research
TrG 15.04 Application of Isotope Dilution in Geochemistry
TrG 15.05 Sample Digestion Methods
TrG 15.06 Developments in Clean Lab Practices
TrG 15 .07 Basics of Ion Exchange Chromatography for Selected Geological Applications
TrG 15.08 Separation Methods Based on Liquid–Liquid Extraction, Extraction Chromatography, and Other Miscellaneous Solid Phase Extraction Processes
TrG 15.09 Principles of Atomic Spectroscopy
TrG 15.10 x-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy for Geochemistry
TrG 15.11 Raman and Nuclear Resonant Spectroscopy in Geosciences
TrG 15.12 Synchrotron x-Ray Spectroscopic Analysis
TrG 15.13 Transmission Electron Microscope-Based Spectroscopy
TrG 15.14 Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
TrG 15.15 Nuclear Spectroscopy
TrG 15.16 Stable Isotope Techniques for Gas Source Mass Spectrometry
TrG 15.17 Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometers
TrG 15.18 Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry
TrG 15.19 Noble Gas Mass Spectrometry
TrG 15.20 Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
TrG 15.21 Ion Microscopes and Microprobes
TrG 15.22 Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion MS, Secondary Neutral MS, and Resonance Ionization MS
TrG 15.23 Laser Ablation ICP-MS and Laser Fluorination GS-MS
TrG 15.24 Geoneutrino Detection